服务热线:020-37600707   020-87377556   400-6869-618

认证检测专区

AUTHENTICATION TEST AREA
  • LVD(Low Voltage Directive) 低电压指令 CE认证

LVD

2014/35/EU Low Voltage

LVDLow Voltage  Directive,低电压指令

LVD 适用于所有本身功能使用电压范围在交流 50~1000V ,直流 75~1500V 的电气产品,这个定义系指指令的适用范围,而不是指令适用的限制 ( 例如,在使用交流 230V 的计算机中,直流 12V 的电路所造成的危险也受 LVD 的规范 )

适用

LVD 适用于提供给消费者和工业使用的产品,如果是工业用设备,指令也涵盖了制造商本身使用的产品 ( 例如 : 测试设备 )

Verify requirementsR认证需求

 

 

 

Directive 2014/35/EU on Low Voltage   Devices specifies in detail the essential requirements the product must meet   in order for the manufacturer to affix the CE marking.

Directive 2014/35/EU is intended to   remove all obstacles to the sale of low voltage electrical equipment within   the EU, while at the same time ensuring that they offer the highest possible   level of safety.

Low voltage electrical equipment’ are   defined as any equipment designed for use with a voltage rating between 50   and 1,000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1,500 V for direct   current. Annex II to the Directive contains a list of equipment not covered,   including electrical components of lifts, electricity meters, plugs and   socket outlets for domestic use.

The Directive 2014/35/EU specifies that   equipment must not endanger the safety of people, animals or property ‘when   properly installed and maintained and used in applications for which it was   made’. The key safety objectives for equipment covered are listed in Annex I.

 

关于低压设备的指令2014/35/EU详细规定了产品必须满足的基本要求,以便制造商贴上CE标志。

 

2014/35/EU号指令旨在消除在欧盟范围内销售低压电气设备的所有障碍,同时确保其提供尽可能高的安全水平。

 

“低压电气设备”是指设计用于交流额定电压为501000 V,直流额定电压为751500   V的任何设备。本指令的附件二列出了未涵盖的设备清单,包括电梯的电气部件、电表、家用插头和插座。

 

2014/35/EU号指令规定,在正确安装、维护和使用设备的应用中,设备不得危及人、动物或财产的安全。附件一列出了所涵盖设备的主要安全目标。

 

Check conformity

检查符合性

 

Conformity assessment for products   covered by the Low Voltage Directive takes the form of an internal production   control procedure carried out by the manufacturer himself, without the   involvement of a third party. The details of this procedure are set out in   Annex III to the Directive.

The manufacturer or his authorised   representative in the EU must draw up and sign the EU Declaration of   Conformity.

低压指令所涵盖产品的合格评定采用制造商自行执行的内部生产控制程序的形式,无需第三方参与。本程序的详细信息见本指令附件三。

制造商或其在欧盟的授权代表必须起草并签署欧盟符合性声明

Declaration of Conformity符合性声明

Annex IV of the Directive describes the   content of the Declaration of Conformity as follows:

Product model/product (product, type,   batch or serial number);

Name and address of the manufacturer or   his authorised representative,;

This declaration of conformity is issued   under the sole responsibility of the manufacturer;

Object of the declaration   (identification of electrical equipment allowing traceability; it may include   a colour image of sufficient clarity where necessary for the identification   of the electrical equipment);

References to the relevant harmonised   standards used or references to the other technical specifications in   relation to which conformity is declared;

Additional information.

The declaration of conformity must be   drawn up in at least in one of the official languages of the Union.

本指令附件四对符合性声明的内容进行了如下说明:

•产品型号/产品(产品、型号、批次或序列号);

•制造商或其授权代表的名称和地址,;

•本符合性声明由制造商全权负责发布;

•声明的目的(电气设备的标识,允许追溯;如有必要,可包括足够清晰的彩色图像,以识别电气设备);

•参考使用的相关协调标准或声明符合性的其他技术规范;

•附加信息。

符合性声明必须至少以本联盟的一种正式语文起草。

Technical documentation

技术文件

 

After completion of the assessment of the   product, the assessment procedure must be documented as set out in Directive 2014/35/EU,   Annex III, Nr. 2.

 

The technical documents must enable the   assessment of conformity of the product with the requirements of the   Directive. It must, as far as it is relevant for such an assessment, cover   the design, manufacture and operation of the electrical equipment. The   technical file should comprise at least:

a general description of the electrical   equipment,

conceptual design and manufacturing   drawings and schemes of components, sub-assemblies, circuits, etc.,

descriptions and explanations necessary   for the understanding of said drawings and schemes and the operation of the   electrical equipment,

a list of the harmonised standards   applied in full or in part or international or national standards referred to   in Articles 13 and 14 and, where those harmonised standards or international   or national standards have not been applied, descriptions of the solutions   adopted to meet the safety objectives of the Directive, including a list of   other relevant technical specifications applied;

results of design calculations made,   examinations carried out, etc.; and

test reports.

 

The manufacturer or his authorised   representative established in the European Union is requested to keep the   technical documentation for a period of 10 years after the electrical   equipment has been placed on the market.

完成产品评估后,评估程序必须按照指令2014/35/EU,附录III,第2号中的规定进行记录。

技术文件必须能够评估产品是否符合指令要求。就此类评估而言,其必须涵盖电气设备的设计、制造和操作。技术文件至少应包括:

•电气设备的一般说明,

•组件、子组件、电路等的概念设计和制造图纸和方案。,

•理解所述图纸和方案以及电气设备操作所需的说明和说明,

•第13条和第14条中提及的全部或部分采用的协调标准或国际或国家标准的清单,如果这些协调标准或国际或国家标准尚未适用,则说明为达到本指令的安全目标而采用的解决方案,包括其他标准的清单采用的相关技术规范;

•设计计算结果、进行的检查等;以及

•测试报告。

要求制造商或其在欧盟的授权代表在电气设备投放市场后将技术文件保存10年。

安规测试中有安规要求的零部件包括:

 

- 电源线(flexible   cables and cords),插头(plug),插座(socket-outlet),耦合器(coupler),连接 器(connector),AC InletSOCKET,X/Y 电容(X /Y capacitor),保险丝(Fuse), 开关(switch), 温控器(thermostat),调光器(dimmer),定时器(timer),转换器(converter),马达(motor),喇叭(Speaking),镇流器(ballast),继电器(relay),非整体灯座(lamp holder),保险座(fuse-holder)。

测试项目如下/Test Items:

1.Input test功率测试 

2.Heating test温升测试

3.Humidity test湿度测试      

4.Glow-wire test灼热丝试验态测试

5.Over Load test过载测试

6.Leakage current measurements漏电流测试

7.Electric Strength test耐压测试 

8.Earth continuity test接地电阻测试

9.Cord anchorage test电源线拉力测试

10.Stability test稳定性测试

11.Plug torque test插头扭矩测试

12.Impact test冲击测试

13.Capacitor discharge test at plug插头放电测试

14.Fault conditions test元器件破坏测试

15.Working voltage measurement工作电压测试

16.Motor lock-rotor test马达堵转测试

17.Low and high temperature test高低温测试

18.Tumbling test 滚筒跌落测试

19.Insulation resistance test绝缘电阻测试

20.Ball pressure test球压测试

21.Screw Torque test螺丝扭力测试

22.Needle flame test针焰试验

以下产品除外

a. 在爆炸环境中使用的电气产品;

b. 在辐射或医疗用途中使用的电气产品;

c. 载货用或客用电梯的零件;

d. 电表;

e. 家用插头和插座;

f. 电围栏的控制器;

g. 无线电干扰;

h. 符合由欧盟成员国参与的国际机构制定的安全规定,使用在船舶,飞机或铁路中的专用电气产品;

i. 专业人员使用的,仅用于研发场所的作为研发用途的定制的评估装备。


认证资料准备

电器原理图(主线,线,,电机功率,熔断丝电流或者断路器都要标出)

控制面版图(部件图)

电控柜内部的接线图,接线端子

电控箱内部布局图

电器原器件清单(名称,型号,厂家信息,所用的数量,是否通过CE认证)

说明书(英文版)

产品差异表

CE认证申请表

1597680569723016285.jpg